Written by Surendrappa. December 28, 2018

Do you want to improve at nouns in English? Then this is the right article for you. This article covers every aspect of nouns in English in detail.

Noun in English

The word which denotes the names of the things, persons, animals, birds etc is called Noun.

Examples:

  1. Ravi - is the name of a person.
  2. Kangaroo - is the name of an animal.
  3. Knowledge - is the name of abstract thing.
  4. Temple - is the name of a place.
  5. Doctor - is the name of a profession.
  6. Bat - is the name of a thing.
  7. Vellore - is the name of a place.
  8. Car - is the name of a thing.
  9. Bangle - is the name of a thing.
  10. Joker - is the name of a profession.
  11. Crab - is the name of a creature.

Types of Nouns in English

The noun is of two types:

  1. Concrete Noun
  2. Abstract Noun
The image shows how a noun is divided
This is how a noun is divided.

Concrete Noun

The noun which can be seen and touched is called a concrete noun.

Examples:

  1. Pen - one can see and touch it.
  2. Mountain - one can see and touch it.
  3. Phone - one can see and touch it.
  4. Earth - one can see and touch it.
  5. Ship - one can see and touch it.

The Concrete noun is of again four types.

  1. Proper Noun
  2. Common Noun
  3. Collective Noun
  4. Material Noun

Proper Noun in English

A proper noun is a particular name given to a particular person, thing, race and place.

Examples:

  1. Ramu - it is the name of a particular person.
  2. Nokia - it is is the name of a particular company.
  3. Madanapalli - it is the name of a particular town.
  4. Taj Mahal - it is a name of a particular monument.
  5. Puma - it is the name of a particular brand.

Common Noun in English

It is the name given o things, persons and places belong to the same class and having the same features.

Examples:

  1. Doctor - it is a name given to the same professionals.
  2. School - it is a name given to an institution having the same features.
  3. Painter - it is a name given to the same professionals.
  4. Bus - it is a name given to the same kind of vehicle.
  5. Toy - it is a name given the same kind of plaything.

Dont get confused!!!

Difference between a proper noun and a common noun.

In the following:

  1. Ramayana is a holy book for Hindus.
  2. Yash is a hero in the movie K.G.F.
  3. Virat Kohli is the best batsman.
  4. Kalyan is a good student.

In the first sentence, Ramayana is a proper noun because it is the name of a particular book whereas the book is a common noun.

In the second sentence, Yash is the name of a particular hero which is a proper noun whereas hero is a common noun.

Similarly, Virat Kohli and Kalyan are proper nouns, batsman and student are common nouns.

The common noun is again of two types.

  1. Countable Noun
  2. Uncountable Noun
Countable Noun

The noun which can be counted is called a countable noun. They can be represented by a number. We can use a, an to refer countable noun.

Examples:

  1. Pen
  2. Chairs
  3. Tables
  4. Girl
  5. Boy

Dont get confused!!!

In the following:

  1. I have a pen.
  2. There are twenty chocolates.
  3. These are books.

In the first sentence, a pen means one pen which can be represented by a number one(1).

In the second sentence, chocolates can be counted here it is twenty(20).

In a similar way books can also be represented by a number.

Thus pen, chocolates and books are countable nouns.

Uncountable Noun

The noun which cannot be counted is called an uncountable noun. We can not use a, an to refer uncountable noun. Certain quantifiers may be used such as: a lot, any, some, and too much.

Examples:

  1. Rain
  2. Sand
  3. Mercury
  4. Sugar
  5. Gold

Dont get confused!!!

In the following:

  1. I like to dance in rain.
  2. Milk is good for health.
  3. Children like to play in the sand.

In the first sentence, we cannot measure rain in a number. We cannot use "a rain" (which means one rain). We can use "heavy rain".

Similarly, we cannot use "two rain". We can use "drops of rain" and "showers of rain".

In the same way, we cannot use numbers to represent milk and sand. Thus they are called an uncountable noun.

Collective Noun in English

It is a name given to a group of persons, animals and things.

Examples:

  1. Army - it is a name given to a group of soldiers.
  2. Team - it is a name given to a group of players.
  3. Flock - it is a name given to a group of birds.
  4. Cattle - it is a name given to a group of animals.
  5. Bundle - it is the name given to a collection of things together.

Material Noun in English

It is the name given to a material.

Examples:

  1. Gold - is a material noun because it is a name of the material.
  2. Leather
  3. Wood
  4. Cotton
  5. Rice

Dont get confused!!!

In the following:

  1. Bat is made of wood.
  2. Biriyani is made of rice.

Bat is a common noun whereas wood is a material noun.

Biriyani is a proper noun whereas rice is a material noun.

Abstract Noun in English

The noun which cannot be seen and touched. It can be felt. It is called an Abstract Noun.

Examples:

  1. Happiness - one cannot see and touch happiness.
  2. Sadness - one cannot see and touch sadness.
  3. Greed - one cannot see and touch greed.
  4. Kindness - one cannot see and touch kindness.

Dont get confused!!!

Goodness and Good are different.

In a sentence — Abdul Kalam is a very good personality. He is well known for his goodness.

The good is qualifying a noun, so it comes under adjective, Whereas the goodness is a noun.

Similarly:

  1. Sadness and sad — Sadness is a noun. Sad is an adjective.
  2. Weakness and weak — Weakness is a noun. Weak is an adjective.
  3. Sickness and Sick — Sickness is a noun. Sick is an adjective.

Dont get confused!!!

The function of a word in a sentence decides its part of speech.

In the following:

  1. Love is blind.
  2. I love my parents.
  3. She reads my love letter.

In the first sentence love is a noun.

In the second sentence, love is a verb because love is acting as a work.

In the third sentence, love is an adjective because love is qualifying the noun, here — letter in the sentence.

The Abstract nouns are of three kinds.

  1. Quality
  2. Action
  3. State

Quality

Name given to quality.

Examples:

  1. Curiosity
  2. Freedom
  3. Hardness
  4. Darkness
  5. Honesty

Action

Name given to action.

Examples:

  1. Marriage
  2. Application
  3. Sight
  4. Growth
  5. Thought

Dont get confused!!!

In the following:

  1. I like food in marriage.
  2. My friend married a teacher.

In the first sentence, "marriage" is a noun.

In the second sentence "married" is a verb.

State

Name given to condition.

Examples:

  1. Childhood
  2. Manhood
  3. Womanhood
  4. Youth
  5. Slavery

Dont get confused!!!

In the following:

  1. He is a child.
  2. I used to play cricket a lot in my childhood.

Both the "child" and "childhood" are nouns.

The child is a common noun whereas childhood is an abstract noun.

Noun Gender

Based on gender noun is divided into four types.

  1. Masculine Gender
  2. Feminine Gender
  3. Neuter Gender
  4. Common Gender
The image shows how a noun gender is divided
This is how a noun gender is divided.

Masculine Gender

A noun that is the name of any male person or animal is said to be of the Masculine Gender.

Examples:

  1. Policeman
  2. Bull
  3. Uncle
  4. Headmaster
  5. Prince

Feminine Gender

A noun that is the name of any female person or animal is said to be of the Feminine Gender.

Examples:

  1. Policewomen
  2. Cow
  3. Aunt
  4. Headmistress
  5. Queen

Neuter Gender

A noun which stands for the name of a thing without life is said to be of the Neuter Gender.

Examples:

  1. Pen
  2. Ball
  3. Chair
  4. Pillow
  5. Box

Common Gender

A noun which can be used for both males and females is said to be Common Gender.

Examples:

  1. Parent
  2. Teacher
  3. Doctor
  4. Police
  5. Engineer

More Examples

Noun Examples

  1. The knife is sharp.
  2. I am Rahul.
  3. Crows are black.
  4. Swami Vivekananda is a great philosopher.
  5. Earth is a planet.
  6. Moon is beautiful.
  7. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya is a great engineer.
  8. Taj Mahal is situated in Agra.
  9. I have a beautiful watch.
  10. Lion is a king of the forest.
  11. Ramu studied in Mumbai.
  12. Sita is a doctor.
  13. Pawan donates food for orphans.

The underlined words in the above sentences are nouns. The nouns in the above sentences are categorized into people, animals/birds, places and things.

People
Rahul
Swami Vivekananda
Philosopher
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
Engineer
King
Ramu
Sita
Doctor
Pawan
Orphans
Animals/Birds
Crows
Lion
Places
Earth
Planet
Moon
Taj Mahal
Agra
Forest
Mumbai
Things
Knife
Watch
Food
People Animals/Birds Places Things
Rahul Crows Earth Knife
Swami Vivekananda Lion Planet Watch
Philosopher Moon Food
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Taj Mahal
Engineer Agra
King Forest
Ramu Mumbai
Sita
Doctor
Pawan
Orphans

Proper Noun Examples

  1. Ravi is talented one.
  2. Tirumala is a pilgrim centre.
  3. Sachin Tendulkar is the god of Cricket.
  4. Banglore is known as the garden city of India.
  5. I studied in Gnanodaya high school.

The underlined words in the above sentences are proper nouns.

Ravi and Sachin Tendulkar are names of particular persons.
Tirumala, Banglore and names of a particular city.
India is the name of a particular country.
Gnanodaya is the name of a particular school.

Common Noun Examples

  1. My brother is a farmer.
  2. The batsman made a century.
  3. I bought shoes yesterday.
  4. My friend likes reading books.
  5. The bus is full of travellers.
  6. Mars is a planet.

The underlined words in the above sentences are common nouns.

The underlined names brother, farmer, batsman, century, shoes, friend, books, bus, travellers and planet are used to refer general things are used to refer to common things.

Collective Noun Examples

  1. A crowd of people
  2. A band of musicians
  3. A cluster of stars
  4. A bunch of keys
  5. A gang of thieves

The underlined words in the above sentences are collective nouns.

The names in the above sentences crowd, band, cluster, bunch and gang are used represent groups of people animals and things.

Material Noun Examples

  1. Calcium is a good mineral for health.
  2. Utensils made with brass are good.
  3. A mirror is made of glass.
  4. My father always prefers shirts made of cotton.
  5. Using plastic covers is dangerous to the environment.

The names in the above sentences are material nouns.

The names calcium, brass, glass, cotton and plastic are the names of materials so they are called material nouns.

Abstract Noun Examples

  1. A soldier has great strength.
  2. He talked in his sleep.
  3. Honesty is a good quality.
  4. Time is precious.
  5. Laziness is bad quality.

The underlined words in the above sentences are abstract nouns.

The names strength, sleep, honesty, time and laziness cannot be sen and touch thus they are abstract nouns.

Finding Nouns

  1. Ashoka was a great king.
  2. Kalyan has a book.
  3. Rama is the hero in the story of Ramayana.
  4. Colombus discovered America.
  5. Banglore is a beautiful city.
  6. Knowledge without wisdom is dangerous.
  7. An Elephant is the largest animal on the land.
  8. The doctor treats his patients with great patience and kindness.
  9. The leather is used to make belts, shoes etc.
  10. A herd of elephants destroyed the farms.
  11. A crew of sailors went for finding the missing ship.
  12. A good idea is necessary for good business.

Proper Noun =

Common Noun =

Collective Noun =

Material Noun =

Abstract Noun =